Parent’s leave is a new statutory entitlement for parents. It aims to let working parents spend more time with their baby or adopted child during the first year.
Each parent is entitled to 2 weeks paid parent’s leave for a child born or adopted on or after 1 November 2019. Currently parent’s leave is 2 weeks but it may be increased in the future (up to a maximum of 9 weeks).
Parent’s leave is available to both employees and people who are self-employed. Parent’s Benefit is paid while you are on parent’s leave from work if you have enough social insurance (PRSI) contributions. If you are self-employed you should apply directly to the Department of Employment and Social Protection (DEASP) for Parent’s Benefit at least 6 weeks before you intend to take parent’s leave.
Please note that your employer does not have to pay you while you are on parent’s leave, although some employers may ‘top-up’ your parent’s leave. If you qualify for Parent’s Benefit, you will get €245 each week.
What is the difference between parental leave and parent’s leave?
Parental leave entitles parents to take unpaid leave from work to spend time looking after their children. Currently both parents can take up to 22 weeks parental leave and from 1 September 2020, this will increase to 26 weeks. You can get more information in our document on parental leave.
Parent’s leave is specifically for parents during the child’s first year.
Paternity leave is specifically for new parents (other than the mother) in their child’s first 6 months.
This table explains the differences between the types of leave for parents.
|Leave||Who gets it?||How long?||Is it paid?|
|Maternity leave||Female employees||26 weeks and up to 16 unpaid weeks||Yes, Maternity Benefit is paid for 26 weeks|
|Adoptive leave||Adoptive mothers, Men adopting alone||24 weeks and up to 16 unpaid weeks||Yes, Adoptive Benefit is paid for 24 weeks|
|Paternity leave||New parents of children under 6 months of age (but not the mother of the child)||2 weeks||Yes, Paternity Benefit is paid for 2 weeks|
|Parental leave||Parents and guardians of children under 12||22 weeks||No, it’s unpaid|
|Parent’s leave||Parents of children under 1 year of age (or in first year of adoption)||2 weeks||Yes, Parent’s Benefit is paid for 2 weeks|
Rules about parent’s leave
The legislation governing parent’s leave is the Parent’s Leave and Benefit Act 2019.
You must meet certain criteria to be eligible to take parent’s leave. You must:
- Be a relevant parent – see ‘Who can take parent’s leave?’ below:
- Take the leave within 52 weeks of the birth of the child or in the case of adoption, from the date the child is placed with you (the placement date) of placement of the child
- Give at least 6 weeks’notice to your employer
The legislation only provides for the minimum entitlement to parent’s leave. Your contract of employment may give you more rights.
Who can take parent’s leave?
Relevant parents can take parent’s leave for eligible children. A relevant parent is one of the following:
- A parent of the child
- A spouse, civil partner or cohabitant of the parent of the child
- A parent of a donor-conceived child as provided for under section 5 of the Children and Family Relationships Act 2015
- The adopting parent or parents of a child
- The spouse, civil partner or spouse of the adopting parent of the child (if the parents have not adopted jointly).
- Each member of a married couple of the same sex, a couple that are civil partners of each other, or a cohabiting couple of the same sex
How can I take parent’s leave?
You can take this leave as:
- One continuous period of 2 weeks leave or
- Periods of not less than one week
Parent’s leave cannot be transferred between parents – except in specified circumstances such as the death of one of the parents.
How much will I get paid during parent’s leave?
If you have enough PRSI contributions, you will get a weekly Parent’s Benefit of €245 per week. This is paid by the Department of Employment and Social Protection (DEASP). Your employer does not have to pay you while you are on parent’s leave. However, some employers do pay or top up your pay during the leave period – this is set out in your contract of employment.
Other rules for parent’s leave
- You are treated as being in employment while you are on parent’s leave (and all other types of statutory leave for parents). You are entitled to return to your job after parent’s leave.
- Annual leave – you can build up annual leave while you are on parent’s leave.
- Public holidays – you are entitled to any public holidays that occur during your parent’s leave.
- PRSI contributions – you can get credited PRSI contributions while you are on parent’s leave.
How to apply for parent’s leave
You must give notice to your employer before you can take parent’s leave.
- Give your notice in writing
- Tell your employer at least 6 weeks before the leave is due to start
- Include the start date, the way the leave will be taken and how long the leave will last
You can contact the Workplace Relations Commission’s Information and Customer Service for more information on your employment rights – see ‘Where to apply’ below.
You can find out more in our document on Parent’s Benefit.
Can my employer refuse my application for parent’s leave?
Your employer can only refuse parent’s leave if you are not entitled to it.
Your employer can postpone your parent’s leave for up to 12 weeks. Your employer could postpone your leave for the following reasons:
- Seasonal variations in the volume of work
- No replacement to carry out your work
- The nature of your duties
- The number of other employees also taking parent’s leave
- Any other relevant matters
How to make a complaint?
Disputes about parental leave can be referred by the employee or the employer to the Workplace Relations Commission within 6 months of the dispute or complaint occurring.
You must use the online complaint form available on workplacerelations.ie. The time limit may be extended for up to a further 6 months, but only if there is a reasonable cause which prevented the complaint from being brought within the normal time limit.